I-Ankara İzmir High Speed ​​Isitimela Iphrojekthi Ubhekana Nengozi Ye-Pothole

I-ankara izmir ephezulu yesivinini sesitimela iphrojekthi ibhekene nengozi yesinki
I-ankara izmir ephezulu yesivinini sesitimela iphrojekthi ibhekene nengozi yesinki

IChamber of Geological Injiniya ye-Union of Chambers of Turkish Engineers and Architects (TMMOB), elungisa umbiko nge-Ankara - İzmir High Speed ​​Sitimela, okuhlelwe ukuthi ivulwe ngo-2022, ixwayise ngokwakhiwa kwezimbobo ezingxenyeni ze-Eskişehir.


Esitatimendeni esenziwe kuleli gumbi, kwathiwa leli projekthi libhekene nengozi, futhi kwathiwa "Ingxenye ethile yomgwaqo wesitimela i-Ankara-İzmir High Speed ​​Isitimela idlulile emadwaleni e-evaporitic ancibilika futhi aholele ekwakhiweni kwephothole".

Esitatimendeni esenziwe yileli gumbi, uthe: "Unyaka nonyaka emhlabeni nasezweni lethu, ukuzamazama komhlaba, ukuzamazama komhlaba, izikhukhula, ukuwa kwetshe, njll. Ngenxa yezizathu zemvelo nezwe. Imicimbi eminingi eyingozi nemikhulu ehlobene nemvelo engenza ukuthi kulahlekelwe impilo nempahla kwenzeke. Omunye wale micimbi ukwakheka kwesinki obekusezinhlelweni zethu eminyakeni yakamuva.

Ukwakheka kwe-sinkhole kuvame ukubangelwa ukuhamba kwamanzi komhlaba noma izinhlobo ezahlukahlukene zamanzi ezihamba ebusweni bezindawo ezihlakazekile (amadwala we-carbonated, i-evaporites), kanye nemihume emikhulu noma imigodi encibilikayo kwenzeka ngaphansi komhlaba ngenxa yokungakwazi ukuthwala isisindo, futhi ungqimba olungaphezulu lwesembozo luyawa ngokuzumayo. ..

EKonya, Karapınar, Sivrihisar (Eskişehir), ikakhulukazi Karaman, Aksaray, Çankırı, Sivas, Kahramanmaraş, Şanlıurfa, Afyonkarahisar, Siirt, Manisa kanye ne-İzmir kwenzeka ezifundeni eziningi. Isizathu sokuqala sokwanda kwamafomu asemgodini eminyakeni yamuva nje ukusetshenziswa kwamanzi omhlaba ngokweqile nangokungalawulwa.

Esifundeni esiphakathi kweSivrihisar (Eskişehir) esifundeni Sığırcık, Göktepe, Kaldirkoy kanye nemizana yaseYenikoy, ama-sink angu-2 anamamitha aphakathi kuka-50 m no-0.5 m nokujula okuphakathi kuka-15 m no-8 m eminyakeni eyedlule. Ngokuya ngokubuka okwenziwe ensimini futhi kamuva kwenziwa nezifundo ngezithombe ze-satellite; Kuyadingeka ukuthatha izinyathelo zokuphuthumayo zalesi sifunda, lapho kwakhiwa khona ipothole, ukuze kutholakale indawo eyi-1.5 km nje eningizimu yePolatlı-Afyon ingxenye ye-Ankara-İzmir High Speed ​​Train Route, esakhiwa.

Kunqunywe ukuthi ingxenye ethile yomzila wesitimela esihamba phambili i-Ankara-İzmir High Speed ​​Pass idlula amadwala we-evaporitic ancibilikayo aholele ekwakhekeni kwe-sinkhole. Kubaluleke kakhulu ukuthi izifundo ze-geological-geotechnical of the umzila, lapho kudalwa khona isakhiwo esibalulekile sobunjiniyela njengeSivinini Esikhulu Esiphuthumayo, ngendlela ezophinde iveze nezizathu ezidala ukwakheka kwesinki.

Njenge-TMMOB Chamber of Geological Engineers, sidonsele ukunakekela ezinkingeni ze-geological, ikakhulukazi ukugwilika komhlaba, emzileni omkhulu we-High Speed ​​Train (YHT), osakhiwa phakathi kwe-Ankara ne-Istanbul. Kodwa-ke, Umqondisi Jikelele we-TCDD akazange azicabangele izexwayiso zethu; Ngenxa yalokhu, ngesinqumo soMkhandlu Wongqongqoshe, osonkontileka banikezwe inani lokukhuphuka kwamanani ngamanani angaphezu kuka-40% entengo yokwakha iphrojekthi. Ngenxa yalokhu kungalindeleki, okuchithe izinsiza zomphakathi, ukwakhiwa kwendlela ye-Ankara-İstanbul YHT (ngokuyinhloko iBozzyykk-Arifiye) akukapheli kuze kube manje.

Ngokufanayo; Izexwayiso zethu zokuthi izinkinga eziningi ezivela emhlabathini zizobhekana nazo ngenkathi kwenziwa umsebenzi wokwakhiwa kwesikhumulo sezindiza i-3 ngenxa yezizathu ezinjengendawo ekhethiwe ifaka amachibi amaningi emvelo noma owokwakha kanye nezimpawu zobunjiniyela obuthakathaka zamayunithi womhlaba, futhi azinakwa uMnyango Wezokuthutha Nengqalasizinda. Kodwa-ke, inqubo le ichaze iChamber yethu, futhi nokwakhiwa kwesikhumulo sezindiza i-3 Istanbul kuqediwe ngokwengxenye, ngezimpawu ezifanayo emhlabeni, nezindleko eziphakeme kakhulu kunamaphrojekthi afanayo.

Njengoba umzila we-Ankara-İzmir High Speed ​​Sitimela unwebeka cishe ngamakhilomitha ayi-1.5 enyakatho yendawo lapho kwakhiwa khona ama-echibini yiChamber of Geological Injiniya ye-TMMOB, ukuvikela noma yikuphi ukulahleka kokuphila noma impahla engenakunxeshezelwa ngokuzayo, le ndawo ilungele ukwakheka kwe-sink. Ukuze wazise futhi uxwayise izikhungo zomphakathi ezifanele nezinomthwalo wemfanelo, umbiko ngokulungiswa nobungozi bezimbobo ulungiselelwe emzileni we-Eskişehir-Sivrihisar YHT.

Njenge-TMMOB Chamber of Geological Onjiniyela, sikuxwayisa futhi.

  • UMqondisi Jikelele weMTA, iDirector General Directorate kanye neHhovisi likaMongameli we-AFAD, ngokugcizelela ukubaluleka kwale ndaba, kanye neminyango efanelekile yamanyuvesi kanye nezinhlangano ezihlobene nomsebenzi, ikakhulukazi iChamber of Geological Injiniya ye-TMMOB, isiqalile ukubeka engcupheni impilo nokuphepha kwempahla ezweni lethu ngaphakathi kohlelo oluthile, "I-Obruk Risk Amamephu" kufanele ilungiswe ngokwenza uphenyo olunzulu lwe-geological, geotechnical, hydrogeological and engineering geology and researches of the district.
  • Amamephu Wobungozi we-Obruk azolungiswa kufanele enziwe umphakathi futhi izinyathelo ezifanele kufanele zithathwe.
  • Ukucwaninga, ukuhlela kanye nokwakhiwa kwezakhiwo zobunjiniyela zibhekele ukwakhiwa kwe-sinkhole, ekhula esifundeni futhi yanda ngamanani nsuku zonke, ikakhulukazi iDirectorate Directorate of State Railways, okumanje yenza umsebenzi we-Ankara-İzmir High Speed ​​Sitimela, nokuhlela nezinsizakalo zobunjiniyela kulesi sifunda. izinqubo.
  • Kufanele kuboniswe ukuthi i-Izmir-Ankara High Speed ​​Sitimela Project, esakhiwa iT DirectD General Directorate, izothinteka ekwakhiweni kwe-sinkhole yephrojekthi yesivinini esiphezulu ngokwakha kabusha ucwaningo lwe-geology-geotechnical, hydrogeological and engineering geology ezinxenyeni zendlela ye-Polatlı-Afyon eduze kwezindawo lapho kwakhiwa khona ama-sink. Ngaphandle kwalokho, kusobala ukuthi ama-tunholes angenzeka ngesikhathi sokusebenza azosongela ukuphepha kwempilo.

Ngenxa yalokhu, esitatimendeni sokuthi ama-echibini akhiwa ezindaweni zezolimo kude nezindawo zokuhlala, akubanga yimbangela enkulu yokulahleka kwempilo kanye nempahla kuze kube namuhla, njengegama lokugcina, "ukwakheka kwezakhiwo okungenzeka kwenzeka ezindaweni lapho izakhiwo zobunjiniyela ezinjengeSivinini Esikhulu Sezitimela zizosetshenziswa kakhulu ngabantu okuzoholela ekulimazekeni okukhulu nasenhlekeleleni entsha. ingavula ”.

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